Brief introduction of VOD refractories

VOD process, also known as vacuum oxygen decarburization, is used for refining ultra-low carbon steel. The refining temperature of VOD is high, up to 1800t, with a general fluctuation of 1640~1750 Celsius. Slag from acidic to alkaline slag fluctuates in a large range, and the alkalinity varies from 0. 3 to 2. 0, mainly acidic slag. The low alkalinity slag has good fluidity and stays at high temperature for a long time.

Oxygen blowing decarburization is rapid, oxygen blowing decarburization period accounts for 80% of the blowing period, and the acid slag refining time is long at high temperature, which aggravates the damage of refractory materials. Strong stirring, by blowing oxygen caused by the carbon and oxygen reaction, produce a large number of gas, so that the steel heated boiling, serious scouring furnace lining; In vacuum operation, the vacuum degree is as high as about 100Pa, resulting in the volatilization of some components in the brick, and the infiltration of molten steel and slag into the brick, and gradually react with it, resulting in the brick organization loose cracking; VOD clearance operation leads to the next cycle after the finished casting of refined steel, resulting in large temperature changes and frequent thermal shock action of the ladle.

According to the working conditions of VOD furnace, the refractory materials should meet the following requirements. Under the condition of high temperature and vacuum, the volume stability is better, and the mineral composition of refractory should effectively resist the vacuum reduction reaction and avoid the deterioration of the tissue. Under the conditions of high temperature, oxygen blowing, rapid decarburization and boiling of molten steel, refractory materials should effectively resist steel slag erosion and steel erosion. VOD refractories should have good thermal shock resistance in order to meet the requirements of corrosion resistance.

In order to avoid the use of refractory in the process of structural peeling and thermal peeling. The refractories for VOD furnace are mainly fired magnesia chrome brick, directly bonded magnesia chrome brick and magnesia calcium brick, mainly magnesia chrome brick.

VOD furnace
VOD Furnace

Vacuum Oxygen Decarburization (VOD) Process

One of the requirements of stainless steel production is the ability to lower the carbon content without compromising on the Cr yield. This can be achieved by refining the steel under a vacuum via the vacuum oxygen decarburization (VOD) process.

Vacuum Oxygen Decarburization (VOD) is the manufacturing process by which the quality of stainless steel is assured.

To be carried out accurately, the process depends on the ability to measure the composition of the stream of gas leaving the furnace throughout the process.

What is the difference between VOD and VD?

VD treatment is used to reduce the volatile gas content (e.g. hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen) of the steel to enhance the steels capabilities. VOD treatment involves an additional oxygen blowing step for carbon removal.

What is AOD and VOD process?

The argon oxygen decarburisation (AOD) and the vacuum oxygen decarburisation (VOD) processes are the dominant methods for refining stainless steels with low carbon contents.

aod and EAF VOD
VOD Furnace

What is VOD process?

Vacuum Oxygen Decarburization (VOD) is the manufacturing process by which the quality of stainless steel is assured. To be carried out accurately, the process depends on the ability to measure the composition of the stream of gas leaving the furnace throughout the process.

What is the process of VOD in steelmaking?

VOD (Vacuum Oxygen Decarburizaton) is a process for refinement of stainless steel through reduction of carbon content under vacuum. The proces is based on oxidation of carbon which has to be reduced below 0.1 wt. % for better corrosion resistance of stainless steels.

AOD Furnace
AOD Furnace

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